WFP is the food aid arm of the United Nations system. Food aid is one of the many instruments that can help to promote food security, which is defined as access of all people at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life.1 The policies governing the use of World Food Programme food aid must be oriented towards the objective of eradicating hunger and poverty. The ultimate objective of food aid should be the elimination of the need for food aid.
interventions are needed to help to improve the lives of the poorest people
- people who, either permanently or during crisis periods, are unable to
produce enough food or do not have the resources to otherwise obtain the
food that they and their households require for active and healthy lives.
use food aid to support economic and social development;
meet refugee and other emergency food needs, and the associated logistics support; and ...
promote world food security in accordance with the recommendations of the
United Nations and FAO.
a) to save lives in refugee and other emergency situations;
b) to improve the nutrition and quality of life of the most vulnerable people at critical times in their lives; and ...
c) to help build assets and promote the self-reliance of poor people and communities, particularly through labour-intensive works programmes.
In the first case, food aid is essential for social and humanitarian protection. It will be used in a way that is as developmental as possible, consistent with saving lives. To the extent possible, the provision of relief food aid will be coordinated with the relief assistance provided by other humanitarian organizations. In the second case, food aid is a pre-investment in human resources. In the third, it uses poor peopleï'most abundant resource, their own labour, to create employment and income and to build the infrastructure necessary for sustained development.
WFP is well placed to play a major role in the continuum from emergency relief to development. WFPwill give priority to supporting disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation and post-disaster rehabilitation activities as part of development programmes. Conversely, emergency assistance will be used to the extent possible to serve both relief and development purposes. In both cases the overall aim is to build self-reliance.
In carrying out its mandate, WFPwill concentrate on what it is best suited to do with the resources available as cost-effectively as possible. WFPwill focus on those aspects of development where food based interventions are most useful. It will make all necessary efforts to avoid negative effects on local food production, consumption patterns and dependency on food aid. WFPwill continue to play a major and significant role in providing transport and logistic expertise and assistance to ensure rapid and efficient delivery of humanitarian aid.
WFP 'multilateral character is one of its greatest strengths. WFPwill exploit its capability to operate virtually everywhere in the developing world, without regard to the political orientations of governments, and to provide a neutral conduit for assistance in situations where many donor countries could not directly provide assistance.
WFP will provide services: advice, good offices, logistic support and information; and support to countries in establishing and managing their own food assistance programmes.
WFP, on request, will provide bilateral services to donors, UN agencies and NGOs on the basis of full cost recovery. These will be administered and accounted for separately. Such services will complement WFP's regular operations to the extent possible.
WFP will concentrate its efforts and resources on the neediest people2 and countries in accordance with the CFA's decision to provide at least 90 percent of WFP's development assistance to low-income, food-deficit countries and at least 50 percent of its development assistance to the least developed countries.
To be truly effective, food aid should be fully integrated into the development plans and priorities of recipient countries and coordinated with other forms of assistance. WFP's starting point is the national policies, plans and programmes of developing countries, including their food security plans. WFPwill pull together its activities in an integrated way at the country level so that it can respond to urgent needs as they occur while retaining core development objectives. The country strategy note, where this exists, should provide the framework for an integrated response by the United Nations system. In some special cases WFPwill adopt a multi-country or regional approach, particularly for the provision of humanitarian assistance.
No single agency has either the resources or the capacity to deal with all the problems of hunger and underdevelopment. Hence the importance WFPattaches to collaboration with other agencies, particularly with its parent bodies, the United Nations and FAO. WFPwill continue to work closely with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, UNHCR, other relevant agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the response to emergencies and humanitarian crises. WFPwill also collaborate closely with the Rome-based United Nations food and agriculture agencies, FAOand IFAD, especially in using food aid for achieving household food security. WFP will continue to forge effective partnerships of action with UNDP, the World Bankand the International Monetary Fund, regional bodies and institutions, bilateral donors and NGOs in support of economic and social development.
WFP will play its part as an active member of the United Nations system to bring the issue of hunger to the centre of the international agenda. In its dialogue with recipient governments and the aid community, WFP will advocate policies, strategies and operations that directly benefit the poor and hungry.
1 FAO/WHO (1992) International Conference on Nutrition.
2 Normally, poor and hungry people are those who earn less than the equivalent of one dollar a day, or who allocate the majority of their household budget to food.