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UNICEF report: Educational Needs of Internally Displaced Persons
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UNICEF report: "Educational Needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)"
Living in Western Kathmandu: IDPs in Nepal
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), the most vulnerable victims of conflict constitute a huge number, estimated at more than two hundred thousand people in Nepal since 1996. Most of them have taken refuge in the Kathmandu Valley. But the IDP problems have received less attention despite the gravity of the issue. One of the grave consequences of the armed conflict is the suffering of the innocent children. They have been forcefully recruited and deployed as fighters or informants in the combat, they were debarred from education as schools were closed or destroyed. When a family is made homeless or displaced or a breadwinner is killed, it is the children and women who suffer the most.

Displacement of children has increased the vulnerability of this group. If education is considered a basic fundamental right of all children, the many children who are unable to attend school or access any educational service are being deprived from enjoying this basic right. Moreover, poverty and ignorance of the guardians and the poor conditions of the public schools are the additional factors to the agony of the children belonging to low income groups or urban poor in Kathmandu.

All of these have constituted a series of challenges to the question of schooling of the children as a fundamental right. We intend to draw attention of all the concerned authorities in the government, educationalists, I/NGOs and International Development Partners to the problems and look forward to whatever assistance is possible for mitigation of the problems.

Bhagawan Ratna Tuladhar

UNICEF Project Coordinator

UNICEF report: "Educational Needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)" - Contents
Foreword iii
Preface iv
1 . Introduction 8
1.1 Impact of the conflict on children's education 8
1.2 What is the definition of IDPs? 9
1.3 Overview of the scope of displacement 9
1.4 Reasons for gaps in data collection and needs assessment 9
1.5 Barriers to access to schooling in urban areas 11
2 . Rationale for survey and justification of site selection 12
3 . Objectives 13
4 . Methods of survey 14
5 . Selection and coverage of sample areas 15
6 . Major Reasons for Migration 16
7 . Identification of IDP IDPs s and their issues 17
8 . Identification of IDP students and education related issues 18
9 . Classification of IDP IDPs 19
10. Findings indings of the survey 20
10.1 Schooling 20
10.2 Employment 21
10.3 Shelter 23
10.4 Pattern of migration 23
11. Recommendations 25
11.1 P Practical measures 25
- Financial support to children up to Grade V 25
- Special provision for IDP/poor students
above primary school 26
- Non-formal education 26
- Tutorial sessions 27
- Health care programme
including HIV/AIDS prevention 27
- Introduction of peace education in the curriculum 27
- Harmony between the communities 28
- Income generating activities
targeting guardians,especially women 28
11.2 Advocacy and policy 29
- Recommendations to the government: 29
- Recommendations to humanitarian organisations: 30
References 31

1. Questionnaire 33
2. Name list of the office and field assistants 36
3. Glimpses of survey activities 37
4. Map of the area surveyed 39
5. IDPs in Nepal: most affected districts 40

Source: UNICEF 2006
more information
UNICEF report: Situation Analysis on the Children and Women in Nepal
UNICEF report: Violence Against Children
IRIN: Families despair over missing relatives
Human Rights and Displaced People
Education, Health and Poverty