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Great Himalaya Trail Makalu-Barun Section
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Great Himalaya Trail - Makalu-Barun Section

The Great Himalaya Trail in Nepal

The new long-distance walking trail links established treks in the Annapurna and Everest regions with exciting new trekking destinations in Nepal's high mountains

The Great Himalaya Trail (GHT) is one of the longest and highest trekking trails in the world. The 1,700-kilometre route connects popular treks in the Annapurna and Everest regions with exciting new trekking destinations in the West and East of Nepal. Walking along the GHT, tourists can now cross the complete Himalayan range in Nepal, exploring remote and fascinating travel destinations, each featuring a unique blend of spectacular scenery and long-preserved cultures.

The GHT starts in the district of Taplejung in Nepal's East and ends in Humla and Darchula in the Far West of the country, close to the Indian and Chinese borders.

Trekkers can choose between two routes. The GHT main trail is winding through Nepal's high Mountain ranges on an average altitude of 4000 to 5000 metres, providing for breath-taking views on Nepal's towering peaks. The lower, cultural route visits some of the most remote mountain communities on earth. Here, tourists can learn about the everyday lives of the local people and gain insights to the traditions and rites of the various ethnic groups.

Kangchenjunga Conservation Area - Arun Valley - Makalu Barun Trekking

Nepal's GHT is divided into ten connecting treks of 2-3 weeks length, that can be done subsequently or completely separate from each other.

Besides, each GHT section features a number of side-treks of varying duration and difficulty, some of which require camping equipment and others that can be done teahouse style. With numerous trekking options and new tourism attractions, each GHT section forms a distinct trekking and adventure destination within itself. Crossing of the complete Himalayan range in Nepal along the GHT takes an average of 150 days.

Kangchenjunga - Makalu Barun Section

• 25 species of rhododendron
• 47 types of orchids
• 440 species of birds
• 75 species of mammals that includes e.g. clouded leopard, red panda, asiatic golden cat
• forests span five bioclimatic zones: ones from tropical through temperate to alpine

The Makalu Barun National Park offers some of the most spectacular scenery in the Himalayas.

The trail to Makalu base camp takes you deep into the high Himalaya and while the giant of Makalu, The Great Black, looms above you, Everest, Lhotse and Baruntse are all in view.

While the GHT links directly with the Kangchenjunga section via the remote Lumba Samba, and to the Everest section via the challenging three cols, most will experience the Makalu section of the trail via the verdant Arun and Barun river valleys.

The trail from Tumlingtar is either ascending or descending, there are really no flat walking sections.

The rhododendron forests had the most vibrant colours.

There are plans to dam the Arun River for hydropower.

Source: The Great Himalaya Trail Development Programme, March 2012
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