WFP Nepal , Published on 30 Sep 2015
Brief Reporting period: 01 July – 30 September 2015
Summary of WFP assistance: In response to the devastating April 25 earthquake, WFP Nepal's emergency operation reached two million people in the first phase of operations. A second phase of food assistance and nutrition support reached 1.1 million people, including those supported through an initial phase of cash for assets, which included light work and debris clearance. The EMOP is now in its third and final phase, focusing on early recovery, which will involve conditional food- and cash-for-assets activities, such as the rehabilitation of community assets, as well as a nutrition component. In this phase, WFP aims to reach over 400,000 people. These earthquake response activities are in addition to WFP Nepal's regular programmes under the Country Programme.
As part of the earthquake response, two Special Operations (SO) were set up, the first entailing support to the humanitarian community through the Logistics Cluster and Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC). Both clusters are currently planning phase-out strategies, with the ETC phasing out in October 2015, while the Logistics Cluster is due to phase out at the end of December 2015. The Logistics Cluster response also includes Remote Access Operations (RAO), providing logistics transport services into remote mountainous areas using porterage and mules. This component provides support for porters whose livelihoods have been adversely affected by the earthquake, as well as rehabilitating the network of trekking and community trails in high altitude mountain areas. An UNHAS SO ensures humanitarian access to earthquake-affected areas as well as possible medical evacuation of humanitarian staff with a current fleet of three Mi-8 and one AS350 helicopters. At the beginning of September, UNHAS moved to a cost recovery funding model, with user agencies paying 20 percent of the cost of flights. UNHAS is planning to fly until December 2015.
The Country Programme, which includes food assistance for assets (FFA), education support and nutrition support, is complemented by Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping (VAM) and Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) activities, both funded by trust funds. WFP supports the Government of Nepal in institutionalising the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) nationwide. NeKSAP is a food security monitoring system that includes the integrated food security phase classification and crop and market monitoring. Through the EPR project, WFP has been developing and augmenting government and stakeholder capacity in logistics and ICT for responding to any potential major disaster (including earthquakes) in the Kathmandu Valley.
Food assistance to refugees from Bhutan, ongoing since 1992, is currently targeting 23,500 people. In September, the number of refugees receiving food assistance had dropped to 17,804. Third-country resettlement of refugees is continuing until the end of 2016; to date, about 99,000 refugees have been resettled, accounting for 91 percent of the 107,810 refugees recorded in 2008.
WFP Nepal , Published on 31 Dec 2015
Brief Reporting period: 01 October – 31 December 2015
Responding to the 25 April 2015 earthquake, WFP reached two million people through its three-phase emergency operation. As the final phase moved to conditional assistance, a period of rehabilitation work on community assets (such as trails, shared water taps, public toilets) was completed in exchange for cash or food support. The EMOP was supported by UNHAS and a logistics coordination response, coordinated by the Logistics Cluster, both of which served the entire humanitarian community responding to earthquake-affected populations. UNHAS finished its operations as planned on 31 December 2015. The Logistics SO will continue into April 2016.
Nepal's regular programmes under the Country Programme (CP) continued alongside the earthquake response. The CP, includes food assistance for assets (FFA), education support and nutrition support, and is complemented by Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) and Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) activities, both of which funded through trust funds. WFP supports the Government of Nepal in institutionalising the Nepal Food Security Monitoring System (NeKSAP) nationwide. NeKSAP's work includes the integrated food security phase classification (IPC) and crop and market monitoring. Through the EPR project, WFP has been developing and augmenting government and stakeholder capacity in logistics and ICT for responding to any potential major disaster, like an earthquake, in the Kathmandu Valley. EPR activities will continue into 2016 with the introduction of a dedicated EPR SO in spring of 2016.
Food assistance to refugees from Bhutan currently aims to serve 23,500 people. WFP, with UNHCR, has laid out a targeting strategy, involving the review mechanism for inclusion in the list of vulnerable refugees, and ration reduction for non-vulnerable refugees as of January 2016. This will increase operational efficiency and work towards a more sustainable approach. Third-country resettlement of refugees is ongoing until the end of 2016. To date, 99,000 refugees have been resettled, accounting for 91 percent of the refugees recorded in 2008.
What is NeKSAP?
Nepal Food Security Monitoring System, or Nepal Khadhya Surakshya Anugaman Pranali.
- Initiated by WFP in 2002 as a field surveillance system, NeKSAP was later established in 2009 and has been jointly operated by WFP, the Ministry of Agricultural Development and National Planning Commission, with funding from the European Union.
- Aims to provide information on food security and rural livelihood conditions, to help the government and relief/development organisations respond better to crises and make evidence-based policy decisions.
- Uses District Food Security Networks (DFSN) comprising more than 2,500 experts from district-level government bodies, UN agencies, national and international NGOs, civil society organisations and the private sector, to monitor and analyse food security data at the sub-district level. Currently operating in 74 of 75 districts in Nepal.
- Produces periodic food security bulletins and maps including: Nepal Food Security Bulletin; Crop Situation Update (with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); Market Watch (in coordination with the Federation of Nepalese Chamber of Commerce and Industries (FNCCI) and Consumer's Interest Protection Forum. Also produces other in-depth analytical reports on food security.
- Reports sent to Government officials at national, regional and district level, as well as the donor, humanitarian and development community.